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2014年职称英语理工类B级真题及答案【补全短文】

时间:2016-01-22   来源:京华网校

   第5部分:补全短文(第46~50题,每题2分,共10分)

  下面的短文有5处空白,短文后有6个句子,其中5个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章面貌。

  The Day a Language Died

  (2014职称英语综合B考试真题中的补全短文)

  When Carlos Westez died at the age of 76, a language died, too. Carlos Westez, more commonly known as Red Thunder Cloud, was the last speaker of the Native American language Catawba. Anyone who wants to hear various songs of the Catawba can contact the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C., where, back in the 1940s. Red Thunder Cloud recorded a series of songs for future generations. Some people might even try to learn some of these songs by hearts. (46 F) They are all that is left of the Catawba language. The language that people used to speak is gone forever.

  We are all aware of the danger that modern industry can do to the world’s ecology(生态). However, few people are aware of the impact that widely spoken languages have on other languages and ways of life. English has spread all over the world. Chinese, Spanish, Russian, and Hindi have become powerful languages as well. As these languages become more powerful, their use as tools of business and culture increases.(47 D)When this happens, hundreds of languages that are spoken by only a few people die out.

  Scholars believe there are around 6,000 languages around the world, but more than half of them could die out within the next 100 years. There are many examples. Araki is a native language of the island of Vanuatu, located in the Pacific Ocean. It is spoken by only a few adults, so like Catawba, Araki will soon disappear. Many languages of Ethiopian will have the same fate because each one has only a few speakers. Papua New Guinea is an extremely rich source of different language, but more than 100 of them are in danger of extinction(灭绝). (48 C)In the Americas, 100 languages, each of which has fewer than 300 speakers, also are dying out.

  Red Thunder Cloud was one of the first to recognize the threat of language death and to try to do something about it. He was not actually born into the Catawba tribe, and the language was not his mother tongue. However, he was a frequent visitor to the Catawba reservation in South Carolina, where he learned the language. (49 A)The songs he sang for the Smithsonian Institution helped to make Native American music popular. Now he is gone, and the language is dead.

  What does it mean for the rest of us when a language disappears? When a plant, insect, or animal species dies, it is easy to understand what we’ve lost and to appreciate what this means for the balance of the natural world. However, language is only a product of the mind. To be the last remaining speaker of a language, like Red Thunder Cloud, must be a lonely destiny, almost as strange and terrible as being the last surviving member of a dying species. For the rest of us, when a language dies, we lose the possibility of a unique way of seeing and describing the world.(50 B)

  46. F. Some people might want to try to learn some of these songs by heart.

  47. D. As these languages become more powerful, their use as tools of business and culture increases.

  48. C. Papua New Guinea is an extremely rich source of different language, but more than 100 of them are in danger of extinction(灭绝).

  49. A. However, he was a frequent visitor to the Catawba reservation in South Carolina, where he learned the language.

  50. B. For the rest of us, when a language dies, we lose the possibility of a unique way of seeing and describing the world.

  【E. These languages don’t have many native speakers.】

 


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