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2012年职称英语理工类A级真题及答案【补全短文】

时间:2016-01-20   来源:京华网校

   第5部分:补全短文(第46~50题,每题2分,共10分)

  下面的短文有5处空白,短文后有6个句子,其中5个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章面貌。

  The Mysteries of Nazca

  In the desert of Peru, 300 kilometers from Lima, one of the most unusual artworks in the world has mystified(迷惑)people for decades. _______ (46) But from high above, these marks are huge images of birds, fish, seashells, all beautifully carved into the earth.

  The Nazca lines are so difficult to see from the ground that they weren’t discovered until the 1930s, when pilots spotted them while flying over the area. In all, there are about 70 different human and animal figures on the plain, along with 900 triangles, circles, and lines.

  Researchers have figured out that the lines are at least 1,500 years old, but their purpose is still a mystery. _______ (47) However, it would probably be very tricky to land a spaceship in the middle of pictures of dogs and monkeys.

  In the 1940s, an American explorer named Paul Kosok suggested that the drawings are a chronicle(记录)of the movement of the stars and planets. _______ (48) Later, an astronomer tested his theory with a computer, but he couldn’t find any relation between the lines and movements in space.

  Another explanation is that the lines may have been made for religious reasons. British researcher Tony Morrison investigated the customs of people in the Andes Mountain and learned that they sometimes pray by the side of the road. It’s possible that in the past, the lines of Nazca were created for a similar purpose. _______ (49) But the local people have never constructed anything this big.

  Recently, two other scientists, David Johnson and Steve Mabee, have speculated that lines could have been related to water. Nazca is one of the driest places in the world and receives only 2cm of rain every year. While Johnson was searching for ancient water sources in the area, he noticed that some waterways built ancient people were connected with the lines. Johnson believes that the Nazca lines are a giant map of the underground water in the area. _______ (50)

  A.Scholars differ in interpreting the purpose of the designs.

  B.The largest picture may have been the sites for special ceremonies.

  C.He called Nazca “the largest astronomy book in the world”

  D.A Swiss writer named Erich von Daniken wrote that the Nazca lines were designed as a landing place for UFOs.

  E.Other scientists are now searching for evidence to prove this.

  F.Seen from the ground, it looks like lines scratched into the earth.

  第5部分:补全短文

  46.F【解析】句意:从地面上,它像是地球背上的抓痕。

  本处后一句But from high above,these marks are huge images of birds,fish,seashells,all beau— tifully carved into the earth描述的是从空中看“纳斯卡线”的情景,but表示转折。而F项的内容说明的是从地面上看“纳斯卡线”的情景,两句话正好形成对照,且文意非常通顺,所以本题选F。

  47.D【解析】句意:瑞士作家艾里希·冯·达尼肯写道:“纳斯卡线被设计作为UF0的降落地点。”本处后一句However,it would probably be very tricky to land a spaceship in the middle of pic— tures of dogs and monkeys有关键词land a spaceship,而与D项内容的landing place for UF()s形成呼应,所以本题选D。

  48.C【解析】句意:他称纳斯卡为“世界上最大的天文书”。

  本处前一句In the l 940s,ah American explorer named Paul Kosok suggested that the drawings are a chronicle of the movement of the stars and planets说明Paul Kosok认为纳斯卡线是星与星球运转的记录,而本处后一句Later,an astronomer tested his theory with a computer讲述有天文学家验证他的理论。本处上下文都在讲Paul Kosok的观点,而将C项内容补入后,前后文意清晰,所以本题选C。

  49.B【解析】句意:最大的图块可能曾是某些特别仪式的地点。

  本段第一句…the lines may have been made for religious reasons说明纳斯卡线可能与宗教有关系,而下一句Tony Morrison investigated…and learned that they sometimes pray by the side of the road讲述Tony Morrison发现当地人都在路边祈祷的习俗,B项的关键词ceremonies与religious rea— sons与pray呼应,所以本题选B。

  50.E【解析】句意:其他科学家如今正搜寻证据来证明这个说法。

  最后一段围绕着David Johnson和Steve Mabee两位科学家的观点展开论述,而E项的内容而说明其他科学家对这二人观点的态度是他们在找证据来支持这个观点。故本题选E。

 


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