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2011年职称英语综合类C级真题及答案【完形填空】

时间:2016-01-19   来源:京华网校

   第6部分:完形填空(第51—65题,每题1分,共15分)

  下面的短文有15处空白,请根据短文内容为每处空白确定1个最佳选项。

  Why People Use Pseudonyms(假名字)?

  You can't choose the name you are given at birth, but in many countries you can change it legally when you reach adulthood. Of course, most people never change their names(51) they feel unhappy about them. However some people do(52) this course of action-particularly artists! What makes an artist want to change their name? Sometimes it's for purely(53) reasons, such as the Nobel Prize winning poet from Chile, Neftalf Reyes. He didn't want his father to (54) he was writing poetry, so he changed his name to Pablo Neruda when he was a young man.(55) other times the reason may Portuguese poet Femando Pessoa, appear strange; take the case of the (56) wrote under 75 different names. The reason? "When I use a different name, I always write in a different way," he explained. In most cases, (57), people change their names for social, historical, political, or cultural reasons. Here are some of the most(58)

  The person's real name is just(59) long and difficult to remember. Let's be honest, Madonna Louise Ciccone is not as (60) to remember as just plain "Madonna . And short names are much easier to remember: William Bradley became Brad Pitt and Edson Arantes do Nascimento became Pele.

  Sometimes names are changed for marketing (61). For example, if a name sounds too "foreign , it may be changed to something that is more recognizable in a (62). So in the film world, Ram6n Est6vez adopted the name Martin Sheen. Or maybe the artist's real name doesn't sound ver3r attractive-Chad Everett does (63) a lot better than Raymond Cramton.

  Artists sometimes(64) the.name of someone they admire. Robert Zimmerman changed his name to Boo Dylan because of his admiration for the Welsh poet, Dylan Thomas.

  Another reason may be practicality: in the past, women found it very difficult to get published. To (65) this situation, they sometimes gave themselves men's names, so the English author Mary Ann Evans became George Eliot, and she did get her books published!

  51. A. even if B. as if C. as D. even

  52. A, make B. take C. bring D. have

  53. A. obvious B. economic C. own D. personal

  54. A. understand B. know C. recognize D. observe

  55. A. On B. In C. At D. During

  56. A. whom B. who C. which D. that

  57. A. but B. although C. however D.and

  58. A. scientific B. common C. technical D. average

  59. A. so B. very C. too D. much

  60. A. pretty B. simple C.brief D. easy

  61. A. purposes B. thoughts C. ends D. goals

  62. A. market B. film C. book D. city

  63. A. look B. hear C. seem D. sound

  64. A. give B. change C. choose D. mention

  65. A. admit B. avoid C. assure D. affect

  第6部分:完形填空

  下面的短文有15处空白,请根据短文内容为每处空白确定1个最佳选项。

  51.A

  【解析】句意:即使他们对此(父母给起的名字)感到不高兴。

  A项even if引导让步状语从句,词义是“即使”。B项as if(=as though)引导方式状语从句,词义是“好像”。C项as比较复杂,引导从句较多:(1)时间状语从句,词义是“随着”;(2)原因状语从句,词义是“由于”;(3)方式状语从句,词义是“像、如、照”;(4)比较状语从句,词义是“与…(不)一样”;(5)让步状语从句,词义是“虽然,尽管”。D项even是个副词,不能用于引导状语从句,词义是“甚至于”。从主句和从句的关系看,应选A项表达让步最为适合。

  52.B

  【解析】句意:然而有些人,尤其是艺术家们,确实采取了(更改名字的)行动。take右边的“…action是固定短语,意为采取措施或手段”,因此应选B项take。

  53.D

  【解析】句意:有时这纯属个人原因。

  文中说:“有时纯属…原因”,很明显应选D项personal个人的、私人的、本人的。A项obvious明显的;B项的economic经济的;C项own自己的,常用在所有格之后、加强语气。很明显这三项都不可取。

  54.B

  【解析】句意:他不想让父亲知道他在写诗。

  文中说:“他不想让他父亲…他在写诗”。很明显应选B项know知道,了解。A项understand理解、明白;C项recognize识别;认出;D项observe观察;遵守。很明显这三项都不合题意,不能选。

  55.C

  【解析】句意:有时,其原因似乎很奇怪。

  at other times是一个固定短语,词义是:“经常,平素,有时”。类似的短语还有:at a time(一次;同时;曾经);at all time(不论什么时候,若是);at no time(在任何时候都不,从来没有,决不)at the same time(在同时),等等。

  56.B

  【解析】句意:以葡萄牙诗人Fernando Pessoa为例,他的笔名多达75个。

  空白处的左边有(大写的)人名,而且有逗号隔开;后面是动词wrote(写)起谓语作用。很明显应选B项wh0,是关系代词(指代其左边的人)用来引导非限制性定语从句、并在从句中做主语。A项whom作宾语;C项which置代物;D项that不能用于引导非限制性定语从句。

  57.C

  【解析】句意:然而,改名大多是由于社会、历史、政治或文化等因素。

  根据空白处的左和右都有逗号隔开,可推断这是一个典型需要副词的位置。在四个选项中只有C项however是副词,表示转折关系。A项but(并列连词)可是、但是不;B项although(从属连词,用于引导让步状语从句)虽然,尽管;D项and(并列连词) 以及,和。很明显这三项都不可选。

  58.B

  【解析】句意:以下是一些最常见的情况:

  the most common最普通、最常见的经常使用。A项scientific科学的,学术的;C项technical技术的,专门的;D项average平均的。这三项都不合语意要求,不可选。

  59.C

  【解析】句意:一个人的真名太长,以至于无法记住。

  根据文中内容:“long and difficult to remember”,很明显是:“too…to”太……以至于不……的搭配使用。

  60.D

  【解析】句意:老实说,Madonna Louise Ciccone的确不如Madonna容易记。

  根据空白处右边的to remember记,很明显应选D项easy容易;而不可能选A项pretty漂亮的;B项simple简单的;C项brief短暂的。

  61.A

  【解析】句意:有时,改名是出于营销(推广)的目的。

  根据文中的:“for marketing(为了商品销售的……)”,很明显应选A项purposes目的,侧重在通过决心、意志来达到某种效果上;B项thoughts思想,想法;C项ends虽有“目的”的含义,但侧重在通过某些手段达到最终的结果;D项goals也虽有“目的”的含义,但侧重在方向和目标上。

  62.A

  【解析】句意:就可能被改成在市场上更容易识别的名字。

  根据前一句的marketing purposes(商品销售的目的),很明显应选A项的market市场;而不可能是B项film电影、胶片;C项book书;D项city城市。

  63.D

  【解析】句意:—Chad Everett确实比Raymond Cramton好听多了。

  根据前半句中的“doesn’t sound”(听起来不…),很明显在“does(起强调谓语作用)a lot better than(确实听起来比……好多了。)”中应选D项sound(听起来)。

  64.C

  【解析】句意:有时,艺术家们选择他们所崇拜某个人的名字(来给自己取笔名或艺名)。

  根据文中的Artists(艺术家们)和the name(名字),很明显应先C项choose(选择);而不可能是A项give给予;B项change改变;D项mention提及。

  65.B

  【解析】句意:为了避免这种状况,她们有时给自己起男人的名字。

  空白处To结构(句首、大写、动词不定式符号,说明表示的是目的,要翻译成“为了……。”);还有后面的this situation(这种状态—指上一句中的情况),很明显应选B项avoid(避免)。A项admit承认;C项assure确认和D项affect影响,都明显不合逻辑表述。

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