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2011年职称英语综合类A级真题及答案【完形填空】

时间:2016-01-18   来源:京华网校

  第6部分:完形填空(第51~65题,每题1分,共15分)

  阅读下面的短文,文中有15处空白,每处空白给出了4个选项,请根据短文的内容从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案,涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  换空内容,已经标为“红色”。

  Sex change surgery guidelines drafted

  China is set to 1 its first clinical guideline on sex-change surgery, according to a notice put on the website of the Ministry of Health yesterday.

  The ministry is now soliciting public and professional opinions on the draft guideline. The coming guideline aims to regulate and standardize sex reassignment surgery, part of a treatment for gender identity disorder in transsexuals.

  Experts 2 nearly 2,000 Chinese have undergone sex-change surgery while 100,000 to 400,000 are still considering it. However, no official number is available. In the draft, the MOH sets 3 Criteria for both surgical candidates and medical institutions.

  Candidates for the surgery must be older than 20 and single, the draft guideline said. They are also required to prove a persistent desire for a sex change, to live for at least five consecutive years full-time in the new gender role, and to engage 4 mental therapy for at least one year.

  Before surgery can take place, a candidate must receive a recommendation for the operation from a __5__ after an appropriate series of therapy sessions.

  Also, several legal requirements 6 be met before the procedure. The candidate must provide proof from police that he or she has does not have any criminal offenses in the past.

  The candidate must provide proof from police that he or she has does not have any criminal offenses in the past

  Police must also agree to change the sex status on the identity card of the 7 receiver before the operation can take 8

  The advent of such a guideline 9 to show that the government is concerned 10 the needs of a relatively small 11 of people who want to change sex.

  But doctors also warn that all stakeholders, including the hospital and prospective receivers, should be highly cautious about this surgery.

  The operation is more than a medical procedure due 12 its huge social and legal consequences. Doctors should make it clear to those __13__ sex-change surgeries that the option always remains to continue to live in the original role. The guideline requires surgeons to tell patients about other options 14 hormone therapy, They are also required to explain the risks involved, and underlying social barriers including discrimination, and administrative recognition and approval.

  For the candidates, the surgery itself is not the big issue 15 the long run. The real issue is the kind of life he or she will have to lead afterward.

  练习:

  1. A. issue B. provide C. withdraw D. bring about

  2. A. boast B. estimate C. blame D. offer

  3. A. maximum B. minimum C. less D. few

  4. A. I B. into C. on D. onto

  5. A. physicist B. chemist C. psychologist D. geologist

  6. A. can B. must C. may D. cannot

  7. A. respective B. prospect C. expecting D. prospective.

  8. A. position B. location C. place D. scene

  9. A. believes B. is believed C. is believing D. believed

  10. A. about B. with C. around D. of

  11. A. numeral B. figure C. digit D. number

  12. A. in B. with C. to D. into

  13. A. seek B. seeking C. sought D. have sought

  14. A. as B. such that C. as such D. such as

  15. A. in B. on C. under D. blow

  第6部分:完形填空

  下面的短文有15处空白,请根据短文内容为每处空白确定1个最佳选项。

  51.C

  【解析】句意:卫生部正在征集公众和专业人士对草案指导准则的意见。

  根据文中“The ministry is now soliciting(征求)Public and professional卫生部正在征集公众和专业人士对……的”,很明显应选C项opinions意见。A项policies政策;B项places地方和D项services服务,都不合要求。

  52.B

  【解析】句意:专家们估计,近2,000名中国人已经进行了变性手术,……。根据文中“Experts专家们 —做主语”,和“nearly 2,000Chinese近2,000名中国人”,很明显应选B项estimate估计。A项acknowledge承认,供认;C项suggest建议和D项advocate提倡,主张,都不适合。

  53.C

  【解析】句意:在草案中,卫生部为进行手术的候选人和医疗机构订了最后标准。

  根据文中“In the draft,the MOH sets minimum在草案中,卫生部制订了最低的”,很明显应选C项criteria标准。A项pattern模式,形式;B项record记录;阅历;D项example例子,都不合要求。

  54.B

  【解析】句意:还要求他们来证明对变性有强烈持久的愿望。

  根据文中“They are also required to prove a persistent还要求他们来证明必须有强烈的”,很明显应选B项desire愿望,欲望。另外,desire for对…有强烈愿望是一固定搭配,如:desire for fame虚荣心。A项problem问题;C项effort努力和D项feedback反馈,都不合要求。

  55.A

  【解析】句意:……候选人必须接受心理学家对手术提出的建议。

  根据文中“…must receive a recommendation for the operation from a…必须接受一位……对手术提出的建议。”四个选项:A项psychologist心理学家;B项physicist物理学家;C项chemist化学家和D项geologist地质学家,很明显应选A项。

  56.A

  【解析】句意:在实施手术之前,一些法律条款还必须遵守。

  根据前文“Also,several legal requirements must be met而且一些法律条款还必须遵守”和“the procedure程序,实施”,很明显应选A项before在……之前。B项after在……之后,C项under在……之下和D项during在…期间,都不合要求。

  57.B

  【解析】句意:候选人还必须提供由警方出俱的过去没有任何犯罪行为的证据。

  根据文中“…he or she does not have any criminal…他或她没有任何恶劣的”和“in the past在过去”,很明显应选B项offences罪过。A项courts法庭;C项tendencies倾向和D项damages损害,都不适合。

  58.D

  【解析】句意:在手术进行之前,警方还必须同意改变未来变性者身份证上的性别。

  根据文中“…before the在……之前”和“can take place进行”,很明显应选D项operation手术。A项accident事故;B项debate争论和C项conference会议,都不合要求。

  59.A

  【解析】句意:可以认为,出台这样的方针表明政府是对少量需要变性人群的关注。

  根据文中“…is concerned”应选A项about。be concerned about是一个固定搭配,意思是:“担心,挂念”。B项with也可以用,be concerned with干预,参与。C项to一般不用。D项of一般不用。

  60.D

  【解析】句意:但是,医生们还警告说,所有的利益相关者,……,都应对这个手术倍加谨慎。根据文中“But doctors also warn(但是,医生们还警告说)__________后边缺少宾语。”横线后边是一个完整的句子—说明这是一个起宾语作用的句子。从四个选项看只有

  D项的that适合(引导宾语从句,无词义,不做成分)。A项if可引导宾语从句,但词义是“是否”。B项while不能引导宾语从句。C项what可以引导宾语从句,但必须做成分,还有词义(什么东西、事情)。

  61.A

  【解析】句意:由于其较大的社会和法律责任,这个手术不仅仅是个医疗程序。

  根据文中“The operation is more than a medical这种手术不仅仅是个医疗”,很明显应选A项procedure程序;实施。B项care关怀,照料;C项condition条件和D项examination检查,都不合要求。

  62.D

  【解析】句意:医生们应该使那些要求变性手术的人明白…。

  根据文中“…those那些……”和“sex-change surgeries变性手术的人”,很明显应选D项seeking请求,要求。A项following接着的;B项helping有帮助的和C项studying研究的,均不合要求。

  63.C

  【解析】句意:该方针要求外科医生还要告诉病人……。

  根据文中“The guideline该方针”和“surgeons to tell…外科医生告诉……”,很明显应选C项requires要求。A项recommends推荐;B项puts放;使接近;D项warns警告,均不合要求。

  64.A

  【解析】句意:他们还必须解释所涉及的风险。

  根据文中“…to explain the解释”和“involved所涉及的”,很明显应选A项risks风险。B项differences差别;C项reasons原因和D项{acts事实,均不合要求。

  65.B

  【解析】句意:从长远来看,手术本身并非重大问题,真正的问题是……。

 

  根据文中“…the surgery itself is not the手术本身并非”和“issue问题”,很明显应选B项big大的。A项social社会的;C项economic经济的和D项current目前的,均不合要求。

 


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